Crea sito

Pearl Harbor, il giorno dell’infamia

un'immagine tratta dal film Pearl Harbor di Michael Ba

un’immagine tratta dal film Pearl Harbor di Michael Bay

Il 7 dicembre 1941, le forze aeronavali nipponiche portarono a compimento un’operazione tattico-militare destinata a cambiare le sorti del secondo conflitto mondiale. La missione, denominata dai giapponesi ‘Operazione Hawaii ‘, sfruttando l’elemento sorpresa provocò grandi perdite tra le forze statunitensi – circa 2400 morti e 1200 feriti – e divenne tristemente famosa con il nome di ‘Attacco di Pearl Harbor‘ dal nome del porto militare che lo subì. I mass media dell’epoca diedero molto risalto all’offensiva, peraltro compiuta in assenza di una formale dichiarazione di guerra; l’allora Presidente Roosevelt che aveva assicurato più volte una politica neutrale, parlò di ‘giorno dell’infamia ‘ e l’opinione pubblica, dapprima contraria, risultò in seguito fortemente favorevole all’entrata in guerra degli Stati Uniti.. e proprio in quest’ultimo dettaglio risiede la nostra cultstory.

franklyn d roosevelt presidente usa cut WWII guerra cultstories pearl harbour complotto

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Sono in molti infatti a sostenere che la catastrofe di Pearl Harbor non fu una sorpresa per le alte cariche politiche americane le quali, per ribaltare il rifiuto espresso dai cittadini statunitensi circa la partecipazione al conflitto, permisero ai giapponesi di portare a termine indisturbati il loro piano, sacrificando uomini e mezzi alla politica economica americana. Quello che più colpisce è che tra i ‘complottisti ‘ ci siano anche ex militari americani ed altri personaggi di rilievo, tra i quali spicca il fotografo militare Robert Stinnett, reduce della seconda guerra mondiale ed autore di un saggio di rilievo sull’argomento, costato 17 anni di ricerche.

In sostanza quello che Stinnett e molti altri sostengono è che i politici americani di allora, Roosevelt in primis, avessero ottimi motivi per non agire,, in nome di un più alto obiettivo: l’intervento nella politica europea indossando la maschera dei salvatori e l’ampliamento del mercato economico statunitense che già nel ’29 si era dimostrato troppo ridotto per la grande industria a stelle e strisce. Grazie al Freedom of Information Act ed alla conseguente rimozione del segreto di Stato sui documenti militari di quel periodo, sarebbero emerse prove schiaccianti delle responsabilità politiche a partire da un presunto ‘piano McCollum ‘, architettato per provocare il Giappone e costringerlo ad attaccare; a questo proposito tre anni dopo l’attacco, il ministro inglese Oliver Lyttleton affermò: ‘.. che gli Stati Uniti siano stati obbligati ad entrare in guerra è una contraffazione della storia, il Giappone è stato provocato ad attaccare gli Stati Uniti a Pearl Harbor.

La USS Shaw esplode durante l'attacco a Pearl Harbor, il 7 dicembre 1941 cult stories cultstories cinema cult story cultstory art culture music ipse dixit aneddoti citazioni frasi famose aforismi immagini foto personaggi cultura musica storie facts fatti celebrità vip cult spettacoli live performance concerto photo photography celebrity giornalismo scrittura libri genio pop icon attore cantante solista pittrice scultore attrice star diva sex symbol pearl harbor movie pearl harbor memorial pearl harbor tickets pearl harbor day pearl harbor facts pearl harbor hawaii pearl harbor island hawaii pearl harbor map pearl harbor imdb pearl harbor casualties pearl harbor attack pearl harbor address pearl harbor attack scene pearl harbor admission pearl harbor address to the nation pearl harbor arizona pearl harbor attack facts pearl harbor aftermath pearl harbor attack timeline pearl harbor articles a pearl harbor fact sheet a pearl harbor timeline a pearl harbor drink a pearl harbor movie a new pearl harbor kamikaze a pearl harbor attack a pearl harbor tour a pearl harbor a cyber pearl harbor a base pearl harbor pearl harbor bombing pearl harbor bowling pearl harbor before the attack pearl harbor battleships pearl harbor books pearl harbor ben affleck pearl harbor base map pearl harbor base housing pearl harbor bike path pearl harbor bah b-17 pearl harbor attack b-25 pearl harbor b 52 pearl harbor b-24 at pearl harbor harold b estes pearl harbor hawaii john b earle pearl harbor harold b estes pearl harbor jackson b davis pearl harbor lyndon b johnson pearl harbor b o pearl harbor pearl harbor conspiracy pearl harbor cast pearl harbor commissary pearl harbor closed pearl harbor christian academy pearl harbor cocktail pearl harbor causes pearl harbor cost pearl harbor church of christ triple c's pearl harbor francis c flaherty pearl harbor c est quoi pearl harbor pearl harbor c est où pearl harbor c. film pearl harbor date pearl harbor drink pearl harbor deaths pearl harbor death toll pearl harbor documentary pearl harbor day 2015 pearl harbor dress code pearl harbor dbq pearl harbor danny d day pearl harbor d day pearl harbor facts d miller pearl harbor d day pearl harbor attack d day vs pearl harbor franklin d roosevelt pearl harbor speech franklin d roosevelt pearl harbor quotes franklin d roosevelt pearl harbor speech text franklin d roosevelt pearl harbor speech video pearl harbor d day invasion pearl harbor elementary pearl harbor essay pearl harbor events pearl harbor effects pearl harbor exchange pearl harbor entrance fee pearl harbor exhibit pearl harbor ending pearl harbor emoji pearl harbor end date e noa pearl harbor tour beteja e pearl harbor e club pearl harbor e bombing of pearl harbor husband e kimmel pearl harbor hiroshima e pearl harbor onde e pearl harbor dove e pearl harbor o que e pearl harbor hiroshima e nagasaki pearl harbor pearl harbor film pearl harbor fcu pearl harbor footage pearl harbor for kids pearl harbor false flag pearl harbor fitness center pearl harbor full movie online pearl harbor fun facts pearl harbor faith hill f 22 pearl harbor f.d.r pearl harbor speech john f kennedy pearl harbor pearl harbor gym pearl harbor gift shop pearl harbor games pearl harbor gym hours pearl harbor google maps pearl harbor ghosts pearl harbor gif pearl harbor gov pearl harbor golf course pearl harbor groupon annie g fox pearl harbor janey g. blue pearl harbor pearl harbor hours pearl harbor hi pearl harbor homes pearl harbor honolulu pearl harbor historic sites pearl harbor hickam pearl harbor housing pearl harbor heroes pearl harbor hawaii map station h pearl harbor pearl harbor h.p willmott pearl harbor island pearl harbor information pearl harbor in hawaii pearl harbor itt pearl harbor images pearl harbor info pearl harbor interesting facts pearl harbor invasion pearl harbor id card is pearl harbor open is pearl harbor on netflix is pearl harbor a national park is pearl harbor in honolulu is pearl harbor in hawaii is pearl harbor a naval base is pearl harbor world war 2 is pearl harbor an island is pearl harbor a conspiracy is pearl harbor a book pearl harbor jobs pearl harbor jokes pearl harbor japanese planes pearl harbor japanese leader pearl harbor joint base pearl harbor jennifer garner pearl harbor josh hartnett pearl harbor july 4 2015 pearl harbor jag pearl harbor journal entry j edgar hoover pearl harbor clark j simmons pearl harbor survivor a j barker pearl harbor pearl harbor kai pearl harbor kamikaze pearl harbor killed pearl harbor kai elementary school reviews pearl harbor kiss pearl harbor known in advance pearl harbor kai arrest pearl harbor kimmel pearl harbor kilo pier pearl harbor kid facts operation k pearl harbor k on pearl harbor richmond k turner pearl harbor soundtrack k filmu pearl harbor hudba k filmu pearl harbor pearl harbor location pearl harbor lesson plan pearl harbor losses pearl harbor legal office pearl harbor love scene pearl harbor lemon lot pearl harbor laundromat pearl harbor library pearl harbor love story pearl harbor list of dead pearl l'harbor l attacco di pearl harbor l'histoire de pearl harbor l'attaque de pearl harbor résumé l'attaque de pearl harbor film l'affaire pearl harbor l'attacco a pearl harbor riassunto l'attore di pearl harbor l'après pearl harbor pearl harbor movie cast pearl harbor museum pearl harbor movie summary pearl harbor mwr pearl harbor movie online pearl harbor monument pearl harbor memorial bridge pearl harbor movie quotes kenneth m taylor pearl harbor pearl harbor m steven m gillon pearl harbor pearl harbor m-1080p pearl harbor naval base pearl harbor naval shipyard pearl harbor national park pearl harbor news pearl harbor newspaper pearl harbor netflix pearl harbor navy base pearl harbor now pearl harbor nurses pearl harbor navy lodge attack on pearl harbor rock'n'roll pearl harbor rock n roll pearl harbor 歌詞 pearl harbor n'était pas possible pearl harbor oahu pearl harbor online pearl harbor on what island pearl harbor official site pearl harbor outcome pearl harbor oahu tickets pearl harbor open pearl harbor overview pearl harbor oil pearl harbor opening hours of pearl harbor pearl of harbor movie pearl of harbor cast spaghettios pearl harbor attack on pearl harbor facts history of pearl harbor attack on pearl harbor game pictures of pearl harbor summary of pearl harbor pearl harbor president pearl harbor primary sources pearl harbor photos pearl harbor psd pearl harbor passport pearl harbor park pearl harbor powerpoint pearl harbor pass and id pearl harbor planes pearl harbor pics p-40 pearl harbor p-36 pearl harbor p-40b pearl harbor p-40 pearl harbor survivor p-26 pearl harbor p-51 pearl harbor p-40b pearl harbor survivor p-40 warhawk pearl harbor p-51 mustang pearl harbor academy p-36 pearl harbor pearl harbor quotes pearl harbor quizlet pearl harbor questions pearl harbor quotes movie pearl harbor quick facts pearl harbor quizlet apush pearl harbor quote fdr pearl harbor quarterdeck pearl harbor quick summary pearl harbor que paso mini q pearl harbor pearl harbor q and a pearl harbor q bridge q pais ataco pearl harbor o q foi pearl harbor o q é pearl harbor q paso despues de pearl harbor q paso en pearl harbor pearl harbor reservations pearl harbor rating pearl harbor review pearl harbor restaurants pearl harbor retaliation pearl harbor recipe pearl harbor revenge pearl harbor radar pearl harbor running time pearl harbor reason sterling r cale pearl harbor survivor robert r scott pearl harbor pearl harbor speech pearl harbor ships pearl harbor survivors pearl harbor soundtrack pearl harbor sucked pearl harbor song pearl harbor significance pearl harbor shipyard pearl harbor story pearl harbor survivors association u.s. pearl harbor casualties u.s.s. pearl harbor mervyn s bennion pearl harbor george s welch pearl harbor u.s. navy pearl harbor pearl harbor s trouve pearl harbor tours pearl harbor the movie pearl harbor trailer pearl harbor two hours that changed the world pearl harbor today pearl harbor time pearl harbor theme song pearl harbor tour reviews pearl harbor tour hours t-mobile pearl harbor pearl harbor t.h at&t store pearl harbor pearl harbor t john t flynn pearl harbor earl t williams pearl harbor pearl harbor uss arizona pearl harbor uniform shop pearl harbor us history pearl harbor uss pearl harbor us president pearl harbor uss oklahoma pearl harbor underwater pearl harbor us history definition pearl harbor uniform store hours pearl harbor under attack pearl harbor youtube u.s. response to pearl harbor u.s. retaliation of pearl harbor u.s. reaction to pearl harbor u.s. fighters at pearl harbor u.s. naval headquarters pearl harbor u.s.s. case pearl harbor pearl harbor video pearl harbor visit pearl harbor visitor center pearl harbor victims pearl harbor vacation pearl harbor veterans pearl harbor visitor center parking pearl harbor vision center pearl harbor vocabulary pearl harbor video game v day pearl harbor pearl harbor v válka v pearl harbor herci v pearl harbor miniponorky v pearl harboru pearl harbor v českém znění letadla v pearl harbor pearl harbor ww2 pearl harbor war pearl harbor weather pearl harbor ww2 definition pearl harbor wikipedia pearl harbor webquest pearl harbor website pearl harbor what year pearl harbor what island pearl harbor what happened 5 w's pearl harbor gordon w prange pearl harbor george w bush pearl harbor ilu zginelo w pearl harbor co wydarzyło się w pearl harbor muzyka w pearl harbor wraki w pearl harbor wydarzenia w pearl harbor pearl harbor w skrócie lotniskowce w pearl harbor pearl harbor xmovies8 pearl harbor x reader pearl harbor credit union camp x pearl harbor x band radar pearl harbor x words for pearl harbor japan x reader pearl harbor pearl habor x factor x factor remember pearl harbor pearl harbor x hiroshima x factor das unfassbare pearl harbor pearl harbor year pearl harbor yelp pearl harbor yacht club pearl harbor yahoo pearl harbor youth sports pearl harbor yamamoto pearl harbor ymca pearl harbor yahoo answers pearl harbor youtube movie y did japan attack pearl harbor pearl harbor y pearl harbor and hiroshima bomba atomica y pearl harbor pearl harbor y la segunda guerra mundial franklin d. roosevelt in pearl harbor pearl harbor y sus consecuencias conspiracion roosevelt y pearl harbor isoroku yamamoto y pearl harbor pearl harbor y las bombas atomicas pearl harbor zip code pearl harbor zero hour pearl harbor zero hour download pearl harbor zip code map pearl harbor zero hour game pearl harbor zero pearl harbor zero hour windows 7 pearl harbor zero hour cheats pearl harbor zero hour online pearl harbor zero hour pc game download operation z pearl harbor piosenka z pearl harbor muzyka z pearl harbor danny z pearl harbor letadla z pearl harbor muzyka z filmu pearl harbor youtube hudba z filmu pearl harbor hudba z pearl harbor melodia z pearl harbor soundtrack z pearl harbor pearl harbor 0755 pearl harbor 12/07/41 pearl harbor hawaii 5 0 pearl harbor hawaii five-0 pearl harbor 02 pearl harbor 04 segundos catastroficos pearl harbor cineblog01 hawaii 5 0 pearl harbor episode hawaii five 0 pearl harbor hawaii 5 0 pearl harbor hawaii five 0 pearl harbor episode hawaii 5 0 pearl harbor vets hawaii five 0 pearl harbor vets pearl harbor 1941 pearl harbor 1941 facts pearl harbor 1945 pearl harbor 1940 pearl harbor 1080p pearl harbor 1941 apush pearl harbor 10k pearl harbor 1947 pearl harbor 1941 newspaper article pearl harbor 1943 1. pearl harbor gift shop sdvt 1 pearl harbor 1 channel pearl harbor mdsu 1 pearl harbor 1 700 pearl harbor diorama squadron 1 pearl harbor building 1 pearl harbor sbx-1 pearl harbor regulus 1 pearl harbor bldg 1 pearl harbor pearl harbor 2001 pearl harbor 2015 pearl harbor 24 hours after pearl harbor 2001 full movie pearl harbor 2 pilots pearl harbor 2016 pearl harbor 2001 imdb pearl harbor 2001 review pearl harbor 2015 fireworks pearl harbor 2015 4th of july emoji 2 pearl harbor il 2 pearl harbor unforgiven 2 pearl harbor arma 2 pearl harbor namru 2 pearl harbor ww2 pearl harbor 2 pilots pearl harbor il 2 pearl harbor mission wave 2 pearl harbor pool 2 pearl harbor pearl harbor 3rd wave pearl harbor 3d pearl harbor 3d model pearl harbor 300mb pearl harbor 3gp pearl harbor 3gp movie download pearl harbor - 3 japanese mistakes pearl harbor 3rd grade pearl harbor 3gp mobile movie pearl harbor 3/18 nswg 3 pearl harbor battlefield 3 pearl harbor 3 battleships pearl harbor 3 facts pearl harbor red alert 3 pearl harbor 3 causes of pearl harbor 3 reasons why pearl harbor was attacked 3 effects of pearl harbor 3 ships sunk pearl harbor 3 mistakes of pearl harbor pearl harbor 4th of july pearl harbor 4th of july fireworks pearl harbor 4th of july concert pearl harbor 4th of july 2015 concert pearl harbor 4th of july car show pearl harbor 4th july 2015 pearl harbor 4th of july celebration 2015 pearl harbor 4th of july events pearl harbor 4th of july 2012 pearl harbor 4th of july 2013 4. pearl harbor july 4 pearl harbor gta 4 pearl harbor december 4 pearl harbor 4 facts about pearl harbor silent hunter 4 pearl harbor dry dock 4 pearl harbor 4 battleships sunk at pearl harbor march 4 1942 pearl harbor pearl harbor 4/18 pearl harbor 5ws pearl harbor 5 facts pearl harbor 5th grade pearl harbor 5 dollar coin pearl harbor 50th anniversary silver coin pearl harbor 5 paragraph essay pearl harbor 50th anniversary pearl harbor 50th anniversary coin pearl harbor $5 commemorative coin pearl harbor 50th anniversary commemorative chronicle 5 pearl harbor facts $5 pearl harbor coin 5 dollar pearl harbor coin december 5 pearl harbor midget sub 5 pearl harbor 5 causes of pearl harbor 5 ships sunk pearl harbor 5 myths about pearl harbor 5 mini subs pearl harbor pearl harbor 60th anniversary commemorative edition pearl harbor 60th anniversary commemorative dvd gift set pearl harbor 60th anniversary commemorative coins pearl harbor 65th anniversary coin pearl harbor 60th anniversary commemorative edition vhs pearl harbor 60th anniversary coins pearl harbor 65 years later pearl harbor 6/18 pearl harbor 60th anniversary silver coin pearl harbor 60th anniversary zippo nepmu 6 pearl harbor december 6 pearl harbor nepmu 6 pearl harbor phone number navenpvntmedu 6 pearl harbor 6 december 1941 pearl harbor 6 facts about pearl harbor 6 aircraft carriers pearl harbor 6 months after pearl harbor 6 japanese aircraft carriers pearl harbor 6 carriers that attacked pearl harbor pearl harbor 75th anniversary pearl harbor 75th anniversary parade pearl harbor 75th anniversary 2016 pearl harbor 70 years later pearl harbor 7 december 1941 pearl harbor 720p pearl harbor 720p mkv pearl harbor 72nd anniversary pearl harbor 71st anniversary pearl harbor 70th anniversary december 7 pearl harbor dec 7 pearl harbor remembrance day december 7 pearl harbor facts squadron 7 pearl harbor december 7 pearl harbor quotes december 7 pearl harbor attack december 7 pearl harbor day quotes dec 7 pearl harbor quotes dec 7 pearl harbor speech september 7 pearl harbor pearl harbor 8 point plan pearl harbor 8 battleships pearl harbor 8/18 pearl harbor 8 step plan pearl harbor 8 diciembre pearl harbor december 8 1941 pearl harbor dec 8 1941 pearl harbor part 8/18 pearl harbor december 8 pearl harbor (2001) brrip 800mb december 8 pearl harbor 8 battleships pearl harbor 8 facts about pearl harbor 8 points bulletin pearl harbor 8 ships at pearl harbor 8 step plan pearl harbor december 8 1941 pearl harbor kilo 8 pier pearl harbor 8 american battleships at pearl harbor pearl harbor 9/11 pearl harbor 9 11 conspiracy pearl harbor 9/18 pearl harbor 9 11 deaths pearl harbor 96860 pearl harbor 9 11 differences pearl harbor 9/11 casualties pearl harbor vs 9 11 pearl harbor and 9 11 venn diagram pearl harbor and 911 differences 9/11 pearl harbor 9 11 pearl harbor compare contrast december 9 pearl harbor 9/11 pearl harbor venn diagram building 9 pearl harbor 9/11 vs pearl harbor 9 11 new pearl harbor 9 11 vs pearl harbor deaths 9 11 and pearl harbor differences 9 11 another pearl harbor pearl harbor 10 facts pearl harbor 1080p yify pearl harbor 1080p kickass pearl harbor 1080p dts pearl harbor 10k 2014 pearl harbor 1080p tpb pearl harbor 1010 dock pearl harbor 10/18 10 pearl harbor facts i-10 pearl harbor memorial highway top 10 pearl harbor movies 10 questions about pearl harbor 10 10 dock pearl harbor 10 things about pearl harbor december 10 1941 pearl harbor pearl harbor 10 10 unusual facts about pearl harbor

la USS Shaw esplode durante l’attacco

Tra i documenti resi pubblici vi sarebbero una serie di bollettini, report e comunicazioni scambiate tra i reparti militari, l’intelligence e le cariche più alte dello Stato, Presidente compreso, tutti antecedenti il 7 dicembre 1941, che attesterebbe definitivamente le intenzioni americane. E’ significativo come in seguito alle numerose inchieste sull’accaduto succedutesi dagli anni ’50 ai giorni nostri, siano emersi conflitti interni agli organi politici e militari i quali si scaricavano l’un l’altro le responsabilità in merito. Infine, vi sono le manovre militari americane: una serie di movimenti e spostamenti che portarono la marina a privarsi dei mezzi più potenti e moderni e a lasciare nel porto di Pearl Harbor solo unità relativamente vecchie, alcune delle quali già destinate allo smantellamento. Manovre, queste, che portarono molti ufficiali a protestare formalmente, come nel caso dell’ammiraglio Richardson, il quale scrisse in un comunicato interno: ‘..Signor Presidente, gli ufficiali più anziani della Marina non hanno più fiducia nella guida civile di questo paese..‘.

base pearl harbor cult attacco giappone cultstories storia cultura

il bombardamento della base di Pearl Harbor

Dall’altra parte vi sono coloro che invece non credono alla teoria del complotto e che mettono in discussione quanto emerso dalle ricerche storiografiche e quanto espresso da autori come Stinnett. Ciò che viene confutato è la veridicità delle informazioni sulle quali si basa la ricostruzione, a partire dai frammenti di comunicazioni e dall’impossibilità di provare, non che il piano McCollum sia realmente esistito, ma che sia stato trasmesso agli organi competenti ed effettivamente ricevuto, letto e messo in opera da chi di dovere. Altri elementi di controversia sono le dichiarazioni dei protagonisti, spesso rinnegate in toto o in parte dagli stessi autori, ed i documenti verificati, alcuni dei quali sono poi misteriosamente scomparsi, sempre che siano davvero esistiti.

(M.G)

Curiosità:

Gli avvenimenti di Pearl Harbor hanno ispirato numerose produzioni cinematografiche e musicali, tra le opere più famose: Pearl Harbor, del 2001 diretto da Michael Bay, con Ben AffleckAlec BaldwinDan AykroydJennifer GarnerTora! Tora! Tora!, del 1970 di  Richard Fleischer, il brano Tora! Tora! Tora!, dei Depeche Mode.

L’esclamazione Tora! Tora! Tora!, è un messaggio in codice giapponese. Tora (トラ) significa ‘tigre ‘, ma in questo caso è l’acronimo di totsugeki raigeki (letteralmente, ‘attacco lampo’), ed indicava la riuscita dell’operazione a sorpresa.

Molti dei colpevolisti temono che dietro i tragici fatti dell’ 11 settembre 2001 vi sia lo stesso meccanismo politico-economico già testato a Pearl Harbor e portano come prova il cambiamento dell’opinione pubblica in merito alle azioni militari in Iraq, prima fortemente rifiutate e poi decisamente richieste.

Tora!Tora!Tora! dei Depeche Mode, eseguita live nel 1982:

 

scritto da:

M. Gatti

Autodidatta affamato di novità. Fondatore di Cult Stories.

Altri articoli di questo autore →

Scrivi all'autore: M. Gatti